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Houses in Buguias
Location in the province of Benguet
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|District||Lone district of Benguet|
|Founded||February 9, 1942|
|• Mayor||Melchor Daguines Diclas|
|• Total||175.88 km2 (67.91 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class|
EtymologyAccording to folklore, Buguias got its name from the word bugas (or begas) which means rice.
Another version of its origin would be an Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time called Bogey-yas, which was modernized and spelled as Buguias by Spanish authorities.
Spanish periodThe arrival of Spanish colonizers in Buguias were primarily due to the construction of Spanish trails leading to the mountain region. Buguias and Loo were two separate rancherias during the Spanish Regime.
American periodDuring the American rule, Buguias was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.
On November 23, 1900, the township of Loo was abolished and integrated into the township of Buguias with the issuance of Act No. 49.
On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Buguias remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.
Post-war eraOn June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Buguias was among them.
On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Buguias remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.
GeographyBuguias is bounded by Mankayan on the north-west, Bakun on the mid-west, Kibungan on the south-west, Kabayan on the south, Tinoc on the east, Hungduan on the north-east, and Bauko on the north.
It is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) away from Baguio City.
|[hide]Climate data for Buguias|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.1
|Average low °C (°F)||13.3
|Average rainy days||2||3||6||9||19||21||26||26||23||14||9||5||163|
|Source: Storm247 |
BarangaysBuguias is subdivided into 14 barangays:
|Population census of
|Source: National Statistics Office|
EconomyBuguias is primarily an agricultural town. It is one of the leading producers of highland vegetables, especially carrots, in the province of Benguet.
Most of the vegetables produced in the town are sold at the La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post or are marketed to other parts of the country.
EducationAs of 2014, Buguias has 43 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools.
Historical markers and shrineThe Veteran Memorial Marker marks the liberation of Abatan and Buguias on July 27, 1945, that was fought between the Japanese Imperial Army and the combined Filipino and American ground troops. Through municipal council resolution No. 19, July 27, 1945 was declared as the Liberation Day and local holiday in the municipality. Festivals during this date include parades, programs and wreath-laying.
The World War II 66th Infantry Shrine monument, located in Lengaoan along Halsema Highway, symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers who stood their ground defending the area and firing their cannons against the Japanese forces.
- "Public Secondary Schools, Buguias, Benguet"