Gulf War

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This article is about the war in 1990–91. For other wars of that name, see Gulf War (disambiguation).
"Desert Storm" and "Operation Desert Storm" redirect here. For other uses, see Desert Storm (disambiguation).
Gulf War
Gulf War Photobox.jpg
Clockwise from top: USAF F-15Es, F-16s, and a F-15C flying over burning Kuwaiti oil wells; British troops from the Staffordshire Regiment in Operation Granby; camera view from a Lockheed AC-130; Highway of Death; M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle.
Date Invasion of Kuwait
2–4 August 1990
Operation Desert Storm
17 January – 28 February 1991
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
(Operation Desert Storm officially ended on 30 November 1995)[2]
Location Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Persian Gulf
Result Coalition victory
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
Commanders and leaders
Kuwait Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
United States George H. W. Bush
United States Colin Powell
United States Norman Schwarzkopf
United States John J. Yeosock
United States Walter E. Boomer
United States Charles Horner
United States Stanley Arthur
Saudi Arabia King Fahd
Saudi Arabia Saleh Al-Muhaya
Saudi Arabia Khalid bin Sultan[3][4]
United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher
United Kingdom John Major
United Kingdom Peter de la Billière
Canada Brian Mulroney
France François Mitterrand
France Michel Roquejeoffre
Iraq Saddam Hussein
Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid
Iraq Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Iraq Salah Aboud Mahmoud
Iraq Hussein Kamel al-Majid
Iraq Abid Hamid Mahmud
956,600, including 700,000 US troops[5][6] 650,000 soldiers
Casualties and losses
147 killed by enemy action, 145 non-hostile deaths
467 wounded in action
Total: 292 killed
776 wounded[7]
31 Tanks destroyed/disabled[8][9][10][11][12][13]
32 Bradley IFVs destroyed/damaged
1 M113 APC destroyed
2 British Warrior APCs destroyed
1 Artillery Piece destroyed
75 Aircraft destroyed[18]
200 killed[19]
Hundreds tanks destroyed/captured
about 1000 IFVs and APCs
dozens aircraft
dozens ships
20,000–35,000 killed
75,000+ wounded[7]
3,700 tanks destroyed[20]
2,400 APCs destroyed[20]
2,600 Artillery Pieces destroyed[20]
110 Aircraft destroyed[18]
137 Aircraft escaped to Iran[18]
19 naval ships sunk, 6 damaged[18]
Kuwaiti civilian losses:
Over 1,000 killed[21]
600 missing people[22]
Iraqi civilian losses:
About 3,664 killed[23]
Other civilian losses:
300 civilians killed, more injured[24]